Freud And Psychoanalysis by Nick Rennison download in ePub, pdf, iPad
Culturalist psychoanalysts Some psychoanalysts have been labeled culturalist, because of the prominence they attributed culture in the genesis of behavior. However, psychoanalysis is concerned with offering interpretations to the current client, rather than devising abstract dehumanized principles. He feels both happy and guilty at the same time.
Depression may be treated with a psychoanalytic approach to some extent. Charcot had introduced hypnotism as an experimental research tool and developed the photographic representation of clinical symptoms.
Interventions based on this approach are primarily intended to provide an emotional-maturational communication to the patient, rather than to promote intellectual insight. Frosch described differences in those people who demonstrated damage to their relationship to reality, but who seemed able to test it. Skinner have criticized this method as being subjective and unscientific. The ego and the super-ego are both partly conscious and partly unconscious. Freud noted that inhibition is one method that the mind may utilize to interfere with any of these functions in order to avoid painful emotions.
The conflicts may be conscious or unconscious, but create anxiety, depressive affect, and anger. Hartmann s pointed out that there may be delays or deficits in such functions. Neurotic symptoms may occur with or without deficits in ego functions, object relations, and ego strengths. This is contrasted with the primacy of intrapsychic forces, as in classical psychoanalysis. Global therapies stand in contrast to approaches which focus mainly on a reduction of symptoms, such as cognitive and behavioral approaches, so-called problem-based therapies.
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