Literature, Ethics, and the Emotions by Kenneth Asher download in ePub, pdf, iPad
No prefabricated principle can help us here, but we can only learn experientially, step by step, guided by the novel. Perceptions assume priority over rules, and the particulars of a situation over general principles.
It will be interesting to see if more philosophers embrace this newly defined role. Nothing bad can happen to a good person. It gives us the uniquely privileged position from which we can explore situations deeply, but from afar.
In the uncertain world of ancient Greece, being human was seen as both supremely beautiful and fatally doomed. Paraphrasing in a completely different style will fail. Certain truths about human life can only be fittingly and accurately stated in the language and forms characteristic of the narrative artist.
It gives us the opportunity to vicariously explore seemingly infinite instances of lived practical reason. According to Nussbaum, there is ethical value in emotions, and we are wrong to ostracize them outside the sphere of philosophical relevance. Some emotions are indeed irrational, but so are a vast number of beliefs, yet it has never occurred to philosophers to banish beliefs from philosophy altogether. Nussbaum urges us to recognize, along with the Greek tragic poets, that mankind is fragile. Use your reason and you will be in touch with the divine forms.
This control came in the form of Platonic, rational self-sufficiency. Perceptions, in combination with a healthy dose of moral responsibility, are the ethical antidote to principles. In The Fragility of Goodness id. Understanding our emotions helps us build a morally just society and relate to one another in a way that is deeply respectful and moral.